Wilke A1, Jaeger K1, Lane K1, Turner P1. Motivational Factors and Pedometer-Derived Leisure Time Physical Activity in Active Middle-Aged and Older Adults. 1Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin – Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI, USA.
Purpose: The physical activity recommendations set by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) are not being met by a large majority of older American adults. This problem is concerning due to the negative correlation between physical inactivity and risk of chronic disease. Middle-aged to older adults are at an increased risk of mortality and morbidity due to their physical inactivity. This is a growing trend among middle-aged and older adults in the United States due to the numerous barriers which contribute to this trend. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate motivational factors and the impact on leisure time physical activity in middle-aged to older adults. Methods: Twenty-four middle-aged to older adults (mean age 62.1 years of age ± 7.62) participated in this study. Each participant underwent an initial meeting where they completed a thirteen question survey on motivation and physical activity or were given an Omron pedometer, which they were instructed to wear for seven days. Results: A correlational analysis between task motivation and total step count showed no significant difference (p < .05). A second correlational analysis between task motivation and age showed no significant difference (p < .05). An independent T-test compared task motivation and gender and showed significant difference (p < .05). No significant differences were found between task motivation and dependent variables. Conclusions: This study found no significant values, however, results of this study led investigators to infer that task motivated individuals gravitate towards structured exercise programs. Fitness professionals can use this knowledge to further instruct their clients. More research needs to be completed on ego oriented individuals and their leisure time physical activity level.